Sunday, April 16, 2006

Solidaire Interiew with Tom Burke On the Immigrant's Struggle in the USA

"May Day will see a unified national day of action for immigrants rights across the U.S. and more unions are planning to take part in this. Victories for immigrant workers are victories for Black and white workers. Bosses keep wages low, not immigrant workers."

Tom Burke (*) from Chicago answers the questions of Solidaire 14-04-2006

What are the exact reasons of the immigrants' movement in the USA?

Tom Burke: Millions of Mexican immigrants, joined by many other nationalities, are marching through the streets of every major U.S. city to protest the Sensenbrenner bill. This bill passed by the U.S. House of Representatives makes being an "illegal" immigrant a felony crime with a prison term. Anyone aiding an "illegal" immigrant also faces jail time. A spontaneous movement of millions of workers in direct opposition to criminalization is shaking the whole U.S., even the White House. For decades, Mexican workers have faced racist abuse and super low wages.

What is the degree of mobilizations in different parts of the USA?

Tom Burke: Anywhere there is Mexican or Latino immigrants there are large marches. It started on March 10th, 2006, when 300,000 or more filled the Chicago Loop, stopping buses, subways, and even trains. Factories and restaurants shut down, students walked out of schools, babies in strollers and grandmas in wheelchairs clogged the streets. In Los Angeles over 500,000 filled the streets two weeks later and 30,000 marched in Milwaukee, Wisconsin the home state of Republican Congressman Sensenbrenner.
On April 10th, cities where immigrants were unknown twenty years ago held large rallies—40,000 in Minneapolis, 20,000 in Indianapolis, 20,000 in Salt Lake City and 50,000 in Atlanta. In the historically Mexican states of the Southwest, the movement is large and strong with 500,000 marching in Dallas, Texas, 50,000 in Denver, Colorado, 50,000 in San Diego, and 35,000 in San Jose, California. Immigrants in the U.S. have been hiding in plain sight for twenty years, but now with the huge marches and rallies there is a new understanding of how much power these workers have.

What are the political, trade-unionist, social forces behind it?

Tom Burke: The political activists and trade unions are running to keep up with the movement of the people. For example, in Chicago, a Mexican immigrant school custodian and trade unionist, Artemio Arreola was one of the leaders of a small coalition that was surprised by the hundreds of thousands who thundered through the streets. He and others like him are organizing people from their villages, cities, and states in Mexico for over a decade now. The huge numbers of protesters is spontaneous, but working class and professional organizers provided the leadership and put out the message to oppose criminalization. Latino radio announcers broadcast the message far and wide. May Day will see a unified national day of action for immigrants rights across the U.S. and more unions are planning to take part in this. The grassroots activists are aware that their leadership will be challenged every step of the way by the forces tied to the rich and powerful, especially from the Democratic Party.

What are the demands of the movement?

Tom Burke: The demands are: to stop the criminalization of immigrants; to create an amnesty that leads to legalization of immigrants without papers; for equal rights for immigrants; for equality and justice for all.

What is the role of communists in the movement?

Tom Burke: The role of communists in the immigrants’ rights movement is small, but important. Many of the leaders were revolutionaries in their youth and some are influenced by Marxism today. There is a pressing need for unity in action, while maintaining principled political positions that advance the cause of the working class. Victories for immigrant workers are victories for Black and white workers. Bosses keep wages low, not immigrant workers. Capitalism is the problem. The profit system is the enemy.

What are the contradictions in the bourgeoisie, in the trade-union organizations?

Tom Burke: There are sections of the capitalist class that oppose immigration and want to deport everyone. There are other capitalists that pay low wages and few or no benefits to immigrants. Lower wages means higher profits. The Republican Party is now split on the issue and a tremendous backtracking is happening. The Democratic Party has done little because it is easier to look the other way while immigrant workers are abused.
Some unions are very supportive of the movement, like the largest U.S. union—the Service Employees International Union. SEIU puts a good amount of effort and money into organizing amongst immigrants because that is who works in their industries. The same with UNITE/HERE that organizes factories and hotels and restaurants. At first these unions were hesitant and cautious, but now seeing the power of the movement they are coming out to provide support and help lead. For other unions, it is a question of local leadership, so carpenters unions in some cities are out in front leading, welcoming immigrants as union brothers. In other cities the union leaders are sitting on their hands, hoping the immigrants do not organize into unions. These leaders run the unions like a business and are racist against Black and Latino workers. There are fewer and fewer of these unions as they are failing. The unions that want to fight for good contracts for the workers and oppose discrimination are the ones that are growing and leading a new movement for social justice.

Tom Burke is Organizational Secretary, Freedom Road Socialist Organization.
Also from Solidaire on immigrant struggle in the US:

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Blogger ShineThePath, in the spirit of unity-struggle-unity, said...

Comrade, perhaps you remember me from Xanga. This is Maoist_Disciple..I've create a new blog on Blogspot as well.

I'd like to put out some of my thoughts on this issue as well. I myself helped in some organizational capacity for Local 79 Mason Tenders in New York. One of my family members was a marshal for the rally in Manhattan, so I was able to sit up front in a protest that easily numbered atleast a half million. The majority of the Trade Unions had a very progressive line, one which finally understood the class interest of the Proletariat.

They understand the driving force behind this, the need for super-exploitation here in the US and further division in the Working Class. Trade Unions have certainly went beyond the racist line it had more than two decades ago. The Unions, while not as forefront as they should be, mostly have understood basic problem on the economic level. Neo-Liberal "trade" policy has completely changed the economic field in the US, and has created the conditions that needed an underclass. This is more important than just H.R. 4437, this is a whole policy that is continuing for the past two decades.

I believe you may be aware of I.R.C.A. and the employer sanctions provisons within this legislation. Really behind H.R. 4437, the main problem has been Free Trade and Employer Sanctions. This should be the main focus. Not just a mere defeat of legislation such as H.R. 4437 (which I think is unlikely to be go through), but really to go into real class struggle, such that hasn't been seen since the Great Depression. This is not just an Immigrant issue, it is a class issue.

Communists have a very important role to play here. We can't allow our Union Leaders to bow down to some "lesser" form of more criminalization. We have to be opposed to Guestwork, opposed to HR 4437, opposed to McCain-Kennedy, and any other legislation which is not true immigration reform. You have to look to the example of TWU Local 100. Here is a Local which did not allow its leaders to bow to the municpality and the MTA, it forced its leaders to fight for it. So Communists in this stage of the class struggle need to be a bulkwark of pressure against our Union Reps and so on. We can't just hand things in a very idle manner to the Dems. We must also work to raise the sites of the working class...not just fighting for the day to day, but fighting for the complete dismantling of a system that has created "modern day slaves," this super-exploited underclass.

12:00 AM  
Blogger Comrade Zero, in the spirit of unity-struggle-unity, said...

Thanks for your comment my old comrade! Glad to see you here again. You're totally right about the role of communist. The mass line means starting where people are at, applying Marxist-Leninist analysis in concrete conditions, and advancing the struggle in a revolutionary way.

We are in 100% agreement as for how to handle ourselves in labor work, especially regarding putting rank and file pressure on the unions and their leaders, as well as in the class struggle in general.

And I think we're going to see some pretty amazing things on May Day - the first International Worker's Day in a long time to feature General Strikes sweeping the major cities of the U.S.

I'm very excited!

9:34 PM  

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